• Wed / 10 March 2021 / 16:22
  • Category: Culture and Art
  • News Code: 99122015770
  • Journalist : 50072

Nowruz customs in Mashhad

Nowruz customs in Mashhad

Tehran (ISNA) - Nowruz is the national and ancient celebration in Iran. It begins at the spring equinox - the moment when the sun crosses the equator and day and night is of equal length. Usually, this is between 19-21 March, depending on astronomical calculations. Different Iranian ethnicities have various customs, so these customs give special beauty to this ancient celebration.

As the year-end approaches, some people in Khorasan go to the mosque to pray that immunity from the dangers all year long. At the time of year delivery some people believe that should not be away from their homes and relatives, otherwise, they will separate from their families most or all of the year.

In Khorasan, everyone from the poor and the rich adheres to the customs of Nowruz, and they are working hard to implement the ancient tradition of this national holiday. A few weeks before Nowruz, everyone is thinking of making new clothes, cleaning the house and removing dust from all the furniture so that all rooms and corners of the house are clean and tidy on Nowruz.

Khorasanian people soaked wheat or lentils and put them in a container to grow or Plantago ovate, Garden cress, and Descurainia Sophia soaked and adhere to the jar to germinate for Eid night; they adorn the house green with these plants. In the past, HajiFiruz and "Gigi Gigi Nane Khanom" walked the alley and market, danced, and sang. People on last Wednesday night make fire and jump over the red flames and wish themselves health and well-being.

One or two days before Eid, they cook Samanu, go to the bathroom, and paint their hands and feet with henna.

In the past, at the time of the year of delivery, men first pilgrimage to Imam Reza’s holy shrine, then they went to the gravesite of the elders of the family and then visited other families.

According to documents available, at that time of the year, the shrine was turned off by shutting down the shrine lights, which were later turned on and off the shrine's electrical system three times, this custom continued until the early 1970s.

After a while, shutting down the shrine lights was deleted and the audio system was used for announcing the delivery of the year in the holy shrine. What is left of this tradition is to celebrate the New Year's by Naqqareh.

The special ritual of people in Mashhad that are based on the presence of a holy shrine in the city is called Imam Reza (AS) gift, which left a coin in its pocket for one week left to the year were thrown away in the four sides of The Saqqākhāna (is a small space in public areas Iranians have built to give water to passengers so that they receive rewards from God. Saqqakhanas gradually received a new role as religious symbols and entered mourning ceremonies of Shi'a) and the coins were as a feast for Imam Reza.

Today, the old structure of the old courtyard has changed and some of the old Mashhadis are doing this for the New Year in the courtyard; this is one of the special traditions of the holy shrine of Razavi, which is performed by some of the old Mashhadis.

Just minutes before the year delivery, they set up the Haft-seen tablecloths and light a candle, put a Koran and a mirror, Pouring wheat in front of the mirror, and lay an egg on the mirror to turn the egg over in the mirror. They put honey and sangak bread in tablecloths beside the Haft-seen tray, it includes seven things such as a small dish of Samanu, a few coins, vinegar, a few grains of garlic, a few Elaeagnus Angustifolia,  sumac, an apple, and a green plant which has been made two weeks ago.

The people of Khorasan put a bowl of water in a corner and place green stems and orange on the water; some nuts and sweets were put on two separate plates and with a cup of yogurt and a plate of vegetables rice and fish on tablecloths.

Water on the Haft-seen tablecloths is a sign of light, and a green plant is a mark of a lifetime. Also, a candle is a mark of a lifetime, and a fish symbol of halal aliment, so they put them on the table to receive halal aliment all year; they put honey on the tablecloths for sweet, and well-being, home-made bread, and coins in Haft-seen tablecloths which bring blessings.

During the first twelve days of the year, people go to see each other, the first day of Eid "big family" usually sits at home, and everybody goes to visit him and Nowruz congratulates him and others on Nowrus. He also gives visitors a coin as a gift depending on his position and affordability. They pray for his longevity, and he wishes them all good luck and good health.

People ate welcoming guests with a variety of home-made pastries such as baklava, loz, hajibadam, and cooky and nuts (including apricot kernels, raisins, etc.) and fruits in Mashhad.

The people of Mashhad usually used to entertain themselves with some of the usual games in Nowruz. These games include Al-Dulk, Wrestling, Ara Ara, Serno Ghezel Khanem, Kebdiakbad, Arqchin Gurdunak, Luchambuz, etc.

Another Eid Nowruz celebration in Mashhad and other Iranian cities is the 13th Badr ceremony. The ceremony will be held on 12, 13, and 14 Farvardian, people gather in nature and spend some fun time together. Another tradition of this day is to tie a knot of grass and make a wish for their future. On Sizdeh Bedar, people throw the sabzeh into the river to symbolize returning to nature.

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